It is estimated that about 300,000 die due to obesity. Most of the obese people lose weight in a very small amount by dieting and exercises. Obesity being the trigger for many diseases like Type 2 Diabetes, heart disease, hypertension, etc., needs treatment. Bariatric surgery is recommended for people who have their BMI more than 40 and no other treatments shows positive results.
What is this surgery?
It is a procedure to reduce the food intake by an obese individual to lose weight. It is long-term solution for the people who are suffering from severe obesity. It also helps in solving many obesity-related conditions such as heart diseases, high blood pressure, type 2 diabetes, etc. There are different types of bariatric surgery; take a look-
- Gastric bypass: This common method makes use of re-routing of the digestive system, to create a smaller stomach and thereby reducing the food intake. It is considered as the gold standard method. Some of the advantages of this procedure are:
- Long-term weight loss
- Lesser food intake
- Increase expenditure of energy
The procedure also has some disadvantages.
- Complex procedure with more risk
- Cause deficiency of vitamins and minerals and need of taking their supplements for long term
- Gastric banding: An inflatable band is placed over the stomach’s top portion and thus forming a small space above the band. The main advantages of this surgery are:
- Reduces the stomach’s capacity to hold food
- Reversible procedure
- Lesser complications
But some of the disadvantages are:
- Slower weight loss
- The apparatus needs to be there in stomach, which may sometimes cause erosion, slippage or any other problems related to band
- The procedure needs to re-operated more than any other methods
- Sleeve gastrectomy: This procedure removes most of the stomach, making the less space in the stomach for food. The advantages of this procedure are:
- The reduction of food the stomach can hold
- Gut hormones which triggers hunger is reduced
The disadvantages of this procedure are:
- Prone to vitamin deficiency
- Biliopancreatic Diversion with Duodenal Switch: The procedure mainly involves creating a smaller pouch of the stomach and bypassing a large portion of the large intestine. The advantages are:
- Greater loss of weight than all other procedures
- Able to eat usual food after the procedure
- Lesser absorption of calories and nutrients
The main disadvantages are:
- The procedure is highly complicated with risk of even mortality
- The deficiency of vitamins and proteins are much larger compared to other procedures
All these surgeries have one thing in common; it changes the anatomy of the stomach and thereby reducing the consumption of food, which in turn helps in successful weight loss.
Things to take care after the surgery
Just like all other surgery, weight loss surgery also needs special care. One should take care of the food habits, exercise, and other health tips as advised by your doctor. The surgery can lead to malnutrition, so the nutrient supplements should frequently be taken.
Bariatric surgery is not cosmetic treatment method. It has far more purpose than cosmetic purpose. It helps an individual to have a healthy life with more longevity and also improves the condition of diseases affected by severe obesity. It also changes the general outlook of the individual like the psychological state and the quality of life.